|Title||Plant functional types in Earth system models: past experiences and future directions for application of dynamic vegetation models in high-latitude ecosystems|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Wullschleger, Stan, H. E. Epstein, E. O. Box, E. S. Euskirchen, S. Goswami, Colleen Iversen, J. Kattge, R. J. Norby, P. M. van Bodegom, and X. Xu|
|Pagination||1 - 16|
Plant functional types (PFTs) have been adopted by modellers to represent broad groupings of plant species that share similar characteristics (e.g. growth form) and roles (e.g. photosynthetic pathway) in ecosystem function. In this review, the PFT concept is traced from its origin in the early 1800s to its current use in regional and global dynamic vegetation models (DVMs). Special attention is given to the representation and parameterization of PFTs and to validation and benchmarking of predicted patterns of vegetation distribution in high-latitude ecosystems. These ecosystems are sensitive to changing climate and thus provide a useful test case for model-based simulations of past, current and future distribution of vegetation.