Plant functional types in Earth system models: past experiences and future directions for application of dynamic vegetation models in high-latitude ecosystems

TitlePlant functional types in Earth system models: past experiences and future directions for application of dynamic vegetation models in high-latitude ecosystems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWullschleger, S. D., Epstein H. E., Box E. O., Euskirchen E. S., Goswami S., Iversen C. M., Kattge J., Norby R. J., van Bodegom P. M., and Xu X.
JournalAnnals of Botany
Volume114
Issue1
Pagination1 - 16
Date PublishedJan-07-2014
ISSN0305-7364
Abstract

Plant functional types (PFTs) have been adopted by modellers to represent broad groupings of plant species that share similar characteristics (e.g. growth form) and roles (e.g. photosynthetic pathway) in ecosystem function. In this review, the PFT concept is traced from its origin in the early 1800s to its current use in regional and global dynamic vegetation models (DVMs). Special attention is given to the representation and parameterization of PFTs and to validation and benchmarking of predicted patterns of vegetation distribution in high-latitude ecosystems. These ecosystems are sensitive to changing climate and thus provide a useful test case for model-based simulations of past, current and future distribution of vegetation.

URLhttp://aob.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/doi/10.1093/aob/mcu077
DOI10.1093/aob/mcu077
Short TitleAnnals of Botany