Soil cores were collected from twelve vegetation biomass plots at the Kougarok hillslope in late July of 2016. The sampled plots were located across six ecotypes present at this site (n=2 replicates per ecotype). Soil cores were separated into depth intervals in the field and frozen for transport to Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Laboratory sample processing of these soils generated data on soil texture, pH, gravimetric water content, bulk density, bulk soil %C and %N. Water extracts were performed on subsamples for determination of extractable total nitrogen, inorganic nitrogen, organic nitrogen, phosphorus, and dissolved organic carbon.
The Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments: Arctic (NGEE Arctic), was a research effort to reduce uncertainty in Earth System Models by developing a predictive understanding of carbon-rich Arctic ecosystems and feedbacks to climate. NGEE Arctic was supported by the Department of Energy’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research.
The NGEE Arctic project had two field research sites: 1) located within the Arctic polygonal tundra coastal region on the Barrow Environmental Observatory (BEO) and the North Slope near Utqiagvik (Barrow), Alaska and 2) multiple areas on the discontinuous permafrost region of the Seward Peninsula north of Nome, Alaska.
Through observations, experiments, and synthesis with existing datasets, NGEE Arctic provided an enhanced knowledge base for multi-scale modeling and contributed to improved process representation at global pan-Arctic scales within the Department of Energy’s Earth system Model (the Energy Exascale Earth System Model, or E3SM), and specifically within the E3SM Land Model component (ELM).