Progress and Accomplishments

Mapping Arctic Plant Functional Type Distributions in the Barrow Environmental Observatory Using WorldView-2 and LiDAR Datasets

NGEE Arctic researchers combined high-resolution multi-spectral remote sensing imagery from the WorldView-2 satellite with light detecting and ranging (LiDAR)-derived digital elevation models (DEMs) to characterize the tundra vegetation around the BEO.

Modeling the Spatiotemporal Variability in Subsurface Thermal Regimes across a Low-Relief Polygonal Tundra Landscape

Study develops an end-to-end high resolution modeling framework to simulate permafrost thermal dynamics of microtopography dominated polygonal tundra landscape.

CMDV Liaison Positions between NGEE Projects and ACME Established

Four 0.5 FTE positions were funded under the CMDV project to facilitate communication and model development collaborations between NGEE Arctic, NGEE Tropics, and the ACME Land Model (ALM).

Strait Science Series - The Seward Peninsula’s Future: Wetter or Drier?

NGEE Arctic participates in University of Alaska Fairbanks Northwest Campus’ platform to discuss ongoing hydrology research efforts with the community.

Representing Leaf and Root Traits Improves Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling Predictions

Explicitly representing plant physiological root traits and improving the nutrient competition algorithm with the Equilibrium Chemistry Approximation removes known biases in CLM and ALM.

Coincident Above- and Below-Ground Autonomous Monitoring Strategy: Development and Use to Monitor Arctic Ecosystem Freeze-Thaw Dynamics

Soil moisture and thaw thickness strongly influence vegetation, and can serve as a proxy for vegetation greenness (and vice versa) during the growing season.

Methane Oxidation in Degraded Polygonal Tundra

Significant methane oxidation activity was observed in incubations of flat-centered polygon transitional soil and permafrost layers, which also exhibited high levels of methane production activity under anoxic conditions.

Susan Hubbard Selected as the 2016 Hal Mooney Award Recipient

The Hal Mooney Award recognizes an individual for extraordinary near-surface geophysical scientific achievements and community service.

Geomorphological and Geochemistry Changes in Permafrost after Wildfire in Kougarok, Seward Peninsula, Alaska

An event of permafrost degradation and recovery after a disturbance by 2002 Kougarok wildfire was discussed from long-term monitoring and permafrost core analysis on the central Seward Peninsula.

LBNL Researchers Evaluate Methane Production, Oxidation, and Emissions Across Polygon Tundra Gradients

In an upcoming paper in Global Change Biology, LBNL researchers Lydia Smith Vaughn, Mark Conrad, Markus Bill, and Margaret Torn present results of a two-year field methane study in the Barrow Environmental Observatory.